Altai Republic oficial portal
Altai Republic oficial portal


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<td width="95%" rowspan="6">Gorny Altai is a unique natural complex with its recreational richness. It is a wonderful combination of picturesque mountain landscapes with different climate types determined by sunshine and heightened ultraviolet radiation. The Altai Republic's territory has beautiful forests and medicinal herbs, mineral resources and salubrious air. Almost all groups of recreational resources take place in Altai: medicinal, aesthetic, rest, sport and others.

The Altai Republic's territory is in the whole a historical and landscape preserve which have no analogues. At the present moment the specially protected territories and natural complexes with an area of almost 22% of the whole Republic's territory are distinguished in the Altai Republic.
The specially protected territories are presented by two preserves (The Altai and The Katun Preserves), by five reserves (The Tcherginsky, Sumultinsky, Kosh-Agachsky, Turochaksky, Shavlinsky), the Zone of Peace "Ukok" and The Natural Park "Belukha".
126 memorials of nature including 44 of the Republican significance belong to specially protected territories and natural objects.
Lakes: <a href="modules.php?op=modload&name=Sections&file=index&req=viewarticle&artid=48&page=1">Teletskoye, Manzherokskoye, Tenginskoye, Akkemskoye, Kucherlinskoye, Taimenskoye, Sadrinskoye, Karakolskiye, Multinskiye, Tuyukskiye.
Water springs: Arzhan Suu, Tcheremshansky, Tchelushmansky, Tchagan-Uzunsky, Buguzinsky, Kadrinsky, Kurlovskiye Dachi, Sviatoi Kluch, Kara Kebek, Bolshoi Yalomansky, Jumalinsky, Manzheroksky.
Waterfalls: Korbu, Tekelu, Kamyshinsky.
Caves: Muzeinaya, Kek-Tash, Kuldinskaya, Tut-Tash, Taldinskaya Karst Arch, Tarcolskaya, Karakokshinskaya.
Mountains: Belukha, Ikonostas (Iconostasis), Byely Kamen (White Stone).
Passes: Tchike-Taman, Seminsky.
Landscape territories: Ust-Seminsky, Shishkular-Katail, Tchisty Lug (Clean Meadow), Komsomolskaya Mountain, Tchelushmansky, Maiminsky Crumby Bank, Ulalinsky Crumby Bank.
All the specially protected territories and natural complexes are under the authority and control of the Altai Republic State Committee of Nature.
The Altai Preserve - o要e of the largest preserves in Russia - occupies almost the whole eastern part of the Altai Republic.
A vegetation cover of Gorny Altai has a very strong resources potential requiring a proper protection from over-use. The Government of the Altai Republic approved a Decree o要 Licensing of the Most Valuable Medical Herbs Purveyance. The Red Book of the Altai Republic was published, where plants species needing protection were indicated. As the number of heads of public herd decreases, natural motley grass of Alpine meadows recovers.
An invaluable role in restoration and preservation of natural complexes is carried out by the specially protected territories. The project "Altai - Golden Mountains" is included to the list of Universal Heritage under the aegis of UNESCO for inclusion of the number of natural objects of the Altai Republic (The Teletskoye Lake, Belukha Mountain).
The whole ecological policy of the Altai Republic is aimed at preservation of nature of Gorny Altai with its unique landscape diversity and natural objects of universal significance.
One of the most important directions in provision of ecological safety of the territory is working-out and adoption of the proper legislative statements. Since 1992 the State Committee o要 Ecology prepared and the State Assembly - El Kurultai and the Government of the Altai Republic adopted the following legislative and normative documents:
- Law of the Altai Republic "On Animal Kingdom";
- Law of the Altai Republic "On Entrails and Use of Entrails";
- Law of the Altai Republic "On the Specially Protected Natural Territories and Objects of the Altai Republic";
- Law of the Altai Republic "On Tourism";
- Edict of Presidium of the State Assembly - El Kurultai "On Administrative Responsibility for Violation of Regime of Water Protection Zones and Riverside Strips",
as well as over 30 decrees of the Government of AR, regulating nature protecting activity.

The value of recreational resources of the Altai Republic is determined in the first place by natural and climatic conditions of the present territory. A great amount of sun rays during a year, low concentration of powdered compounds in atmosphere of valleys, the presence of a wide spectrum of mountain-climatic zones distinguish the territory of the Republic as o要e of the potential recreational centers of the Russian Federation. Forest-steppe and forest lowlands and midlands of Northern, North-Eastern and North-Western Altai possess opportunities of public rest and tourism organization, o要 condition of the proper infrastructure creation. The presence of radon waters and mud springs combined with mild climate determine the development of facilities in sanatoria and health resorts.
The territory of Central and South-Eastern Altai is of high recreational value. Here a seasonal organization of water rafting, tourist hikes and alpinist ascents are possible. The rivers of Gorny Altai are of great interest because of their technical characteristics for sportsmen and water-tourists.
At the same time, rivers flowing through picturesque landscapes let people observe the change of climatic zones. And fish inhabiting their impetuous waters make unforgettable any water journey. Very often o要e may come across waterfalls, which attract tourists by their beauty. At the same time rivers are considered unfavorable for swimming because of low water temperature. o要ly water of individual lakes (the Aya, the Manzherok, the Kureevo) and small rivers (the Isha, the Lebed) get warmed up to the temperatures favorable for popular swimming. The length of the swimming season at these lakes and rivers is about two months. The major part of the year rivers are covered with ice, which thickness varies within 0.5 m - 3 m.
The bedding period and height of snow cover is of great importance for mountain skiing development. The stable snow cover at the altitudes over 2000 m is set in already in September. The duration of snow bedding varies from 100 to 300 days a year, depending o要 the slope's height and orientation.
Glaciers evoke a great sporting interest among tourists and mountaineers. Altai takes the third place among mountain lands of the world according to the number of glaciers (1330) and area covered with ice. 169 glaciers are concentrated near Belukha Mountain (4506 m).
The quantity and quality of recreational resources situated o要 the territory of Gorny Altai let perform the further development of tourism in the region.

The Altai Reserve

The Altai State Nature Reserve was established in 1932. It is situated in South-Eastern part of Gorny Altai in the upper reaches and right bank of the Tchulyshman River and <a href="modules.php?op=modload&name=Sections&file=index&req=viewarticle&artid=48&page=1">the Teletskoye Lake o要 the territory of Ulagansky and Turochaksky Regions. The Reserve covers an area of 863861 hectares. The Reserve has a stretched form and is 250 km long in meridional direction having an average width of about 35 km.
The Reserve was founded to protect the nature of taiga and highland tundra. The absolute altitudes of the Reserve, which are situated o要 Tchulyshman Plateau are 2500-3000 m high.
Main rocks are granites, granite and gneiss, mica shale.
The Reserve's location close to the center of Asia conditions the general temperate-continental climate. However, peculiarities of relief and conditions of air masses transfer, taking into consideration a large area of the Reserve, raise a great variety of climatic conditions. Its northern part is distinguished by warm and moist summers, snowy and comparatively mild winters. An average annual temperature is 3.2; an average January temperature is -8.77; of July +16.0С. About 850-1100 mm of precipitation fall a year, about a half of them fall in summer.

The territory near the Teletskoye Lake is characterized by a considerable thickness of snow cover - up to 80-120 cm. In the whole, the northern part of the Reserve bordering o要 Lake Teletskoye is o要e of the warmest and moistest places of Gorny Altai.
Climate of south-western part of the Reserve is sharply continental and very severe. In winters the frosts are up to -50蚓, and in summer days the maximum temperature reaches +30蚓. Average annual temperature is -5蚓. The level of precipitation is 3-4 times lower, than that near the Teletskoye Lake, and the length of vegetation period is o要ly a month and a half compared to five months in the northern part.
In the Altai Preserve there are 1190 lakes having an area of over 0.01 square km each. The main part of them is situated in the upper lands. The origin of lake hollows is connected with glaciers' activity. The depth of the lakes is considerable - up to 35-50 m.
The biggest lake among the highland lakes of the Reserve - "Julukul" - is situated in the hollow with the same name at the altitude of 2200 m. The area of Lake Julukul is 30 square km, the depth - 7-9 m, the length - 10 km. The largest river of the Reserve - the Tchulyshman - flows out of this lake and stretches for 210 km.
The main reservoir of the Reserve - <a href="modules.php?op=modload&name=Sections&file=index&req=viewarticle&artid=48&page=1">the Teletskoye Lake, the largest and the most beautiful lake of Altai - is situated at the height of 434 m above sea-level. The lake stretches for 78 km as a narrow blue ribbon squeezed by the ridges Korbu and Al-tyntu. Its width is 5 km and the area is not too big - 233 square km, however due to its depth (up to 325 m) it contains a great amount (40 bln. square km) of the purest fresh water saturated with oxygen.
Giving its waters to the Biya River, the Lake provides the Ob's supply to a considerable extent. About 70 rivers and 150 temporary streams flow into the Lake, and more than a half of the whole water is supplied by the Tchulyshman River. A great number of enthusiastic descriptions and legends is devoted to the Teletskoye Lake (Altyn-Kyol) - the Altaians' "Golden Lake".
<a href="modules.php?op=modload&name=Sections&file=index&req=viewarticle&artid=48&page=1">The Teletskoye Lake is a beautiful natural memorial of Siberia surrounded by mountains and dark-coniferous - mostly cedar - taiga.
The Reserve's landscapes are presented by four vertical zones - steppe, forest, sub-Alpine and Alpine o要es.
In the whole the Reserve's flora contains 1270 plant species, 73 mammal species, about 300 bird species, 10 species of Amphibias and reptiles.
Among animals the most characteristic o要es are - maral, elk, brown bear, musk-deer, sable, glutton, lynx, roe, squirrel, chipmunk, snow leopard. Among birds - wood-grouse, hazel-grouse, eagle-owl, willow grouse and ptarmigan, redstart and others. There are 13 fish species in Lake Teletskoye. Grayling is found in majority of the rivers.
The main direction of scientific researches conducted in the Reserve is studying of mountain taiga's flora and fauna, highland tundra, Alpine high-altitude zone.

The Katun Preserve

The idea of a preserve creation in the up-lands of Central Altai was suggested for the first time by V.P.Semyonov-Tyanshansky as far back, as the beginning of the 20th century. Since then the foundation of a preserve at the river-basin of the Katun and its upper reaches was discussed for a number of times.
Officially the Katun State Nature Preserve was registered o要 July 25, 1991 for the purpose of unique natural complexes of Central Altai protection.
In 1998 the Katun State Nature Preserve was included to the list of Universal Natural Heritage at the General Assembly of UNESCO o要 Universal cultural and natural heritage.
The preserved territory covers macroslope of the Katun Ridge and is situated in the central part of the Altai Republic. Being actually in the very center of Eurasia, Altai is found in the zone of influence of different climate-forming factors, which create infinite number of ecological and geographical nuances giving vividly expressed originality and charm to the nature of this mountain region.
Mutual penetration of different landscape types creates inimitable and contrast combination.

There are a lot of glaciers, precipitous rocks, mountain streams with waterfalls, not large lakes o要 the territory of the Preserve.
The Katun Preserve is a seat of modern glaciating. Glaciers play a great role in formation of modern river flows, climate and up-land landscapes of the Katun Preserve.
Flora and fauna of this region are varied and unique. 700 plant species grow o要 the territory of the Preserve, 22 of them are entered in the Red Book of Russia and the Altai Republic. There are lots of plants of medical and technical value in the Preserve.
Also o要 the Preserve's territory are found: 51 mammal species, 140 bird species, 3 species of reptiles and 8 fish species. Among fur-bearing animals chipmunk, squirrel, sable are found, among forest hoofed animals - elk, maral, musk-deer. Siberian mountain goat is found in the up-lands. Typical for this Preserve are such wild animals as brown bear, lynx and glutton, as well as small wild animals - ermine, Siberian weasel, mink, weasel.
Besides specially protected animals, a whole complex of mammals and birds of hunting fauna inhabit the territory of the Preserve.
Lots of picturesque waterfalls are o要 the rivers flowing through the territory of the Preserve.
There are no large lakes o要 its territory, but the present o要es are very scenic and connected with activity of ancient glaciers: they are of big size and are situated in glacier and river valleys.
The Preserve is a model of Altaian nature, for it is representative to a marked degree concerning flora and fauna. Landscape altitude zones are well-expressed within its limits, many vegetable associations are presented and flora contains the majority of plants found in Gorny Altai.
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